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Practical Solutions


Alternative Toilets

Alternative toilets are toilets that do not rely on a central sewage system, and they may be a key resource in reducing sewage flow into Ma Ganga. Some of these toilets can be built with very little money and with basic materials. Click below to see about building one yourself!

DAGERSKOG 2009. Application of urine with watering can on bigger fields in Burkina

Urine and Feces as Fertilizer

Though it is common practice for animal waste to be used as fertilizer, it is less common for human waste to be used. This is a waste of resources, as human waste can be an extremely effective source of nutrients for agriculture if treated correctly. This provides the double benefit of aiding in food production, as well as providing a viable alternative to potentially destructive sewage practices (such as the dumping of raw sewage into Ma Ganga). Read below to see how human waste products can be used as fertilizer!

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Greywater Use

Greywater reuse involves reusing water from showers, sinks, laundry, etc., and is a form of water conservation that anyone can participate in!  Read below for more information on how to reuse your home's greywater.

Photo credits to Wudneh Ayele Shewa under a Creative Commons license from Flickr.  

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Rainwater harvesting is the capturing of rainfall to use as a source of water. It can be collected through buckets/barrels or more complex structures as well. Read below on ways to harvest your own rainwater!

Photo credits to Earthworm under a Creative Commons license from Flickr


Rain Gardens

Rain gardens can be useful during heavy monsoon seasons and slow down stormwater runoff.  They limit soil erosion and nourish plants at the same time.

Photo credit: Field Outdoor Spaces

under a Creative Commons License from Flickr

Webpage written by: Tehreem Qureshi, Samuel Weinstein Zimbel, and Suzanna Schofield

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